William Glasser
Dr. William Glasser is a psychiatrist who developed the Reality Therapy and Choice Theory. His first book, "Reality Therapy" was published in 1965. His beliefs are centered around personal choice,personal responsibility, and personal transformation. He has been known for applying his theories to certain social issues.Some of these issues are education, management, and marriage. His theories do not align with most psychiatrist beliefs. He does not believe in diagnosing a patient with a mental illness and then prescribing medication for the disorder. Instead, Glassier feels that patients may be unhappy or distraught and not necessarily have a brain disorder or chemical imbalance. People go through trials in life and with time, patience, and help they will get through their challenges. "He feels that psychiatry could be hazardous to one's mental health."

According to Glasser, Reality therapy is believed to be part of a persons basic needs. "Those needs are survival, connecting with others, freedom, fun, and power.' People chose to act a certain way to meet these needs." He states that we are all social creatures who need each other and the cause of most psychological disorders is the inability to get along with important people in our lives."

After his book "Reality Therapy" was published, Glasser decided to test his theories in the classroom. He wrote a book "Schools Without Failure" in 1969. He believes in Non-Coercive Discipline which means that students should be responsible for their own actions. He also feels that teachers should develop contracts with their students. Teachers should allow students to create their own goals, plan to meet those goals and solution. He does not believe in punishments or rewards.These things hinder the student's responsibility of his own actions.Glasser believes that teachers should show compassion in the classroom. Teachers should be supportive, encouraging, listen to student's needs, accept certain things, be respectful, trusting, negotiate when necessary, and accept differences. Each student is different and teachers should embrace these differences.

by Jennifer Romero

Glasser, W.(1986) Control Theory in the Classroom. New York: Harper and Row

The William Glasser Institute. 2010. The Glasser Approach: Choice Theory

O’Marian, P. Relative Theory and Choice Theory
Retrieved January 29, 2011, from, http://www.angelfire.com/ab/brightminds/tReality.html#plan

Comprehensive Classroom Management: Creating Communities of Support and Solving Problems, 9th Edition. Allyn & Bacon

William Glasser, President, William Glasser Institute